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UTME CBT Practice Tests
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (FREE Access)
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (Registered Users)

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in History is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examinations. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:

1. impart knowledge of Nigerian history from earliest times to the present;
2. identify the similarities and relationship between the people of Nigeria as they relate to the issues of national unity and integration;
3. appropriate African history and Africa’s relationship with the wider world;
4. analyse issues of modernization and development;
5. evaluate the past and relate it to the present and plan for the future.

PART I NIGERIA
SECTION A: NIGERIA UP TO 1800

1. Land and People of Nigeria:
a. Geographical zones
b. People within the zones
c. The people’s relationship with the environment
2. Early centres of civilization:
a. NOK, Daima, Ife, Benin, Igbo Ukwu and Iwo Eleru
b. Monuments and shelter system: Kuyambana and Durbi-ta-Kusheyi
3. Origin and Development of Nigerian states and societies
a. Central Sudan – Hausa, Fulani and Kanuri
b. Niger/Benue valley – Nupe, Jukun, Igala, Idoma, Tiv and Ebira
c. Eastern forest Belt – Igbo and Ibibio
d. Western forest Belt – Yoruba and Edo
e. Coastal and Niger–Delta – Efik, Ijo, Itsekiri and Urhobo
i. Factors influencing their origin and migration
ii. Economic, social and political organizations
iii. Inter-group relations, war, peace, trade and religion.
4. Economic Activities:
a. Agriculture – hunting, farming, fishing, animal husbandry and horticulture.
b. Industries – pottery, salt-making, iron-smelting, blacksmithing, leather- working, wood-carving, cloth- making, dyeing and food processing.
c. Trade and trade routes:- local, regional, long distance, including trans-Sahara trade?
d. Trade and trade routes: local, regional, long distance, including trans – Sahara trade
5. External Influences:
a. Europeans:
i. early European trade with the coastal states.
ii. early Christian missionary activities.
iii. the trans-Atlantic slave trade (origin, organization and impact)
b. Arabs
i. introduction, spread and impact of Islam;
ii. trans-Saharan trade.

UTME CBT Practice Tests
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (FREE Access)
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (Registered Users)

SECTION B: NIGERIA 1800 – 1900
1. The Sokoto Caliphate
a. The Sokoto Jihad – causes, courses and consequences.
b. The rise of the caliphate
c. The administration of the caliphate and relations with neighbours.
d. Intellectual activities in the caliphate e. The collapse of the caliphate
2. Kanem-Borno
a. The collapse of the Saifawa dynasty
b. Borno under the Shehus
c. Borno under Rabe
3. Yorubaland:
a. The fall of the Old Oyo Empire
b. The Yoruba wars and their impact
c. The peace treaty of 1886 and its aftermath
4. Benin
a. Internal political development b. Relations with neighbours
c. Relations with the Europeans
5. European Relations with Nigeria:
a. The suppression of the trans-Atlantic slave trade.
b. The development of commodity trade and rise of consular authority.
c. Christian missionary activities.
d. Impact of European activities on the coast and the hinterland.
6. The British Conquest of Nigeria:
a. Motives for the conquest
b. Methods of the conquest and its result.
c. Resistance to and aftermath of the conquest.

UTME CBT Practice Tests
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (FREE Access)
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (Registered Users)

SECTION C: NIGERIA 1900 – 1960
1. The Establishment of Colonial Administration up to 1914:
a. Administration of the protectorates
b. Local administration, forced labour, foreign currency, taxation and monetization
2. The Amalgamation of 1914:
a. Reasons
b. Effects
3. Colonial Administration after the Amalgamation:
a. Central Administration:- Legislative and Executive Councils
b. Indirect Rule – reasons, working and effects
c. Local government institutions, native authorities, native courts and native treasuries.
d. Protest against colonial rule –
Ekumeku Movement in Asaba hinterland 1898 – 1911,
the Satiru uprising 1906,
Egba and the Anti-tax Agitation 1918,
the rising in Okeho and Iseyin 1918,
Warri Tax Revolt in 1927 -28,
Aba Women Movement in 1929
and the Water Rate Agitation in Benin in 1937 – 38.
4. iv. The Colonial Economy:
a. Transportation b. Agriculture
c. Mining
d. Industry
e. Commerce f. Banking.
5. Social Development under Colonial Rule:
a. Western education
b. Urbanization
c. Improvement unions
d. Health institutions
6. Nationalism and Constitutional Development:
a. The rise of nationalist movements;
b. The 1922 Clifford Constitution and the rise of Nigeria’s first political parties.
c. The Richards Constitution of 1946
d. The Macpherson Constitution of 1951.
e. Party politics – regionalism, federalism and minorities agitations.
f. The dawn of independence the Littleton Constitution of 1954, constitutional conference in Lagos in 1957; and
g. In London in 1958, the general elections of 1959 and independence 1960.

UTME CBT Practice Tests
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (FREE Access)
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (Registered Users)

SECTION D: NIGERIA SINCE INDEPENDENCE
1. The politics of the First Republic and Military intervention
a. Struggle for the control of the centre;
b. Issue of revenue allocation
c. The 1962/63 census controversies
d. The Action Group crisis
e. Military intervention – reasons and significance of the Ironsi Regime
2. The Civil War: Causes and effects
a. Causes
b. Courses
c. Effects
3. The Gowon Regime:
a. Reconstruction, Reconciliation, Rehabilitation.
b. The era of oil boom, social and economic development
c. State creation
d. The fall of Gowon
4. Murtala/Obasanjo Regime
5. The Second Republic
6. The Buhari Regime
7. The Babangida Regime
8. The Interim National Government (ING)
9. The Abacha and Abdulsalami Regimes
10. Nigeria’s role in conflict resolution, ECOMOG in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea.
11. Nigeria in International Organization; AU, ECOWAS, UN, the Commonwealth of Nations and OPEC

UTME CBT Practice Tests
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (FREE Access)
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (Registered Users)

PART II: AFRICA AND THE WIDER WORLD SINCE 1800
SECTION A: WEST AND NORTH AFRICA
1. Islamic Reform Movements and State Building in West Africa:
a. Relationship between Sokoto and other Jihads.
b. The Jihads of Seku Ahmadu and Al- Hajj Umar
c. The activities of Samori Toure
2. Christian missionary activities in West Africa
a. The foundation of Sierra Leone and Liberia and the spread of Christianity
b. The impact of Christian Missionary activities.
3. Egypt under Mohammed Ali and Khedive Ismail:
a. The rise of Mohammad Ali and his reforms
b. Mohammad Ali’s relations with the Europeans
c. Ismail’s fiscal policies
d. The British occupation of Egypt
4. The Maghrib and European incursion:
a. Turkish rule in the Maghrib
b. French occupation of Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco
c. Italy in Libya
d. Maghribian reaction to European rule
5. The Mahdi and Mahdiyya Movement in the Sudan
a. Causes
b. Courses
c. Consequences

UTME CBT Practice Tests
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (FREE Access)
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (Registered Users)

SECTION B: EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA
1. The Omani Empire
a. Sayyid Sa’id and the rise of the Omani Empire
b. The empire’s commercial and political relations with the coast and the hinterland.
c. The Empire’s relations with the Europeans
2. Buganda in the 19th century
a. The British occupation of Buganda b. Religious politics
3. Ethiopia in the 19th century
a. The rise of Theodore II and his attempt at the unification of Ethiopia
b. Menelik II and the survival of Ethiopian independence.
4. The Mfecane:
a. The rise of Zulu nations
b. Courses and consequences of the Mfecane
5. The Great Trek
a. The frontier wars
b. British intervention in the Boer African relations
c. The Great Trek and its consequences.

UTME CBT Practice Tests
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (FREE Access)
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (Registered Users)

SECTION C: THEMES IN AFRICAN HISTORY SINCE THE SCRAMBLE
1. The new imperialism, the partition and the European occupation of Africa
a. Causes of the scramble
b. The Berlin Conference
c. The occupation and the reaction of Africans.
2. Patterns of colonial rule in Africa:
a. The British
b. The French
c. The Portuguese d. The Belgians
3. The Politics of decolonization
a. Colonial policies and African discontent
b. The impact of the two world wars
c. Nationalist activities and the emergence of political parties and associations
c. Strategies of attaining independence
4. Apartheid
a. Prelude to apartheid
b. Rise of Afrikaner nationalism
c. Enactment of apartheid laws
d. Internal reaction and the suppression of African nationalist movements
e. External reaction to apartheid, AU, the Commonwealth of Nations, UN and the frontline states.
f. The dismantling of apartheid g. Post-apartheid development
5. Problems of Nation-building in Africa
a. Political and economic constraints
b. Ethnic and religious pluralism
c. Military intervention and political instability.
d. Neo-colonialism and under development.
e. Boundary disputes and threat to African unity
f. Civil wars and the refuge problem.

UTME CBT Practice Tests
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (FREE Access)
UTME CBT Practice Tests – History (Registered Users)


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